A biography of thomas jefferson an american president

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Thomas jefferson biography

Jefferson was the principal author of the Land Ordinance of , whereby Virginia ceded to the national government the vast area that it claimed northwest of the Ohio River. The University of Virginia opened its doors on March 7, , one of the proudest days of Jefferson's life. When Jefferson took over the office from Federalist John Adams, the transfer of power occurred in an orderly manner, setting a precedent for future political transitions. For the next three years he was chiefly engaged in fruitless negotiations with the European powers. Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, The document proclaims that all men are equal in rights, regardless of birth, wealth, or status; that those rights are inherent in each human, a gift of the creator, not a gift of government, and that government is the servant and not the master of the people. Peterson described it as an accomplishment for which all Americans should be grateful. President of the United States Republicans doubled their efforts to elect the "man of the people" in the unusually bitter campaign of Jefferson then commissioned Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore the uncharted land, plus the area beyond, out to the Pacific Ocean. San Diego: Lucent Books, The legendary Lewis and Clark expedition led by Meriwether Lewis [—] and William Clark [—] explored the rugged land gained in the Louisiana Purchase, and the expedition became a spectacular product of Jefferson's vision of westward expansion. In , he married a twenty-three-year-old wealthy widow, Martha Skelton. Jefferson gave the Hemingses special positions, and the only slaves Jefferson freed in his lifetime and in his will were all Hemingses, giving credence to the oral history. Jefferson is the first American who has consulted the Fine Arts to know how he should shelter himself from the weather.

The second term Easily reelected inJefferson soon encountered troubles at home and overseas. His decision to abandon the city rather than stand and fight cast a shadow of cowardice over him that would follow him the rest of his political career.

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Thomas Jefferson: Man on a Mountain. This caused a minor war called the First Barbary War.

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Soon relations with France grew poor and severely damaged Jefferson's political system. Wounded by the criticism of his retreat, Jefferson decided to quit public service.

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By the s, the American colonies, including Jefferson's Virginia, began to feel they were being unjustly treated by their British rulers. During this period, he avidly studied European culture, sending home to Monticello, books, seeds and plants, along with architectural drawings, artwork, furniture, scientific instruments, and information.

In lateas a member of the new House of Delegates of Virginia, he worked closely with James Madison. In the presidential election ofJefferson ran against John Adams and received the second highest amount of votes, which according to the law at the time, made him vice president.

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Biography of Thomas Jefferson, Third U.S. President