General antonio lopez de santa anna

Zavala brought the fighting into the capital, with his supporters seizing an armory, the Acordada.

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They do not know what it is, unenlightened as they are, and under the influence of a Catholic clergy, a despotism is a proper government for them, but there is no reason why it should not be a wise and virtuous one.

Mexico was a highly fractured and chaotic nation for much of its first century of independence, in no small part due to the machinations of men such as Santa Anna.

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Then the commander of imperial forces in Veracruz, who had fought against the rebels, changed sides and joined the rebels. He remained in and out of the Mexican limelight — sometimes in exile — until retiring in to write his memoirs in Mexico City. He attempted but was unsuccessful in convincing U. Sensing an opportunity for a comeback, he returned to his native country and engineered a coup against the government. During the turbulent s, Santa Anna supported and then turned on a succession of presidents, including Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero. He gained enough prestige from this event to act as dictator from March to July , while the president was away. Santa Anna, in exile at the time, persuaded the Americans to allow him back into Mexico to negotiate a peace. Following those reverses, he retreated into exile. He staged a state funeral for his amputated leg. Meanwhile, Santa Anna had secretly been dealing with representatives of the U. Start your free trial today for unlimited access to Britannica. In he arranged for an elaborate ceremony to dig up the remains of his leg, parade with it through Mexico City, and place it on a prominent monument for all to see. His return was different from past events because Santa Anna had no intention of getting involved in politics again, intending to solely focus on aiding the military in its war against the United States. Santa Anna again sought exile and returned to Mexico very late in life, dying in poverty in

Painting by Johann Moritz Rugendas. James K. Usually, revolts were fomented by military officers; this one was created by churchmen. The Mexican government gave Santa Anna control of the army and ordered him to defend the nation by any means necessary. After signing a public treaty ending the war and a secret treaty in which he promised to do everything he could to ensure that the Mexican government adhered to the public treaty, Santa Anna was sent to Washington, D.

He also promised to support free trade with Spain, an important principle for his home region of Veracruz.

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In the aftermath of the rebellion, the young officer witnessed Arredondo's fierce counter-insurgency policy of mass executions.

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Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna